Experts feel the pulse of China's industrial clust

2022-10-18
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Development difficulties experts feel the pulse of China's industrial clusters

"although China has encountered the problem of upgrading its industrial structure, from a worldwide perspective, made in China still has obvious advantages. Industrial clusters are a foundation for the competitiveness of China's economy." What materials will the development research center of the State Council use for the next generation of new energy vehicles? Liu Shijin, deputy director of chinaplas2019 International Rubber and plastic exhibition, said at the China Industrial Cluster High Level Forum held not long ago. Although China's industrial clusters have developed rapidly in recent years, there are still many problems to be solved. At the forum, participating experts put forward their own thoughts on the development of China's industrial clusters

industrial clusters encounter a "cold wave"

at present, in the face of the severe and complex world economic situation, can China be alone? Liu Shijin said that China's economy is at a different stage of development from that of the United States, Europe and Japan, and the driving force of growth is also different. It is entirely possible for us to take a unique route. In the short term, the challenges faced by China's industrial clusters dominated by small and medium-sized enterprises are the decline in exports, financing difficulties, labor costs, rising prices of energy and raw materials, etc. in the medium and long term, the rise in factor costs will continue for quite a long time, The space for quantity expansion will shrink

baoyujun, President of China Private Economy Research Association, said that at present, although regions with relatively good development of industrial clusters in China have strong pressure resistance, the situation they face is not optimistic, and 20% of enterprises in some industries have closed down

the real dilemma of industrial clusters

Wang Wei, deputy director of the market economy Research Institute of the development research center of the State Council, believes that China's industrial clusters are facing real difficulties. She believes that the development and upgrading of China's industrial clusters are facing multiple pressures, such as increasingly prominent resource pressures, unprecedented environmental pressures, rising cost pressures, and complex and heavy international pressures

Wang Wei believes that the development of China's industrial clusters is faced with twists and turns to a large angle and continuous split War: first, the development of high-end industrial links will directly face the challenges of developed countries and newly industrialized countries; Second, there is fierce competition at home and abroad in innovating development mode and integrating development resources; Third, competitive advantage is facing severe challenges from other low-cost countries and regions; Fourth, facing more complex domestic and foreign market risks in the use of capital markets

Wang Wei said that in the development and upgrading of China's industrial clusters, we should pay attention to the following major issues:

first, the development level of industrial clusters is still very low, and they are generally still at the middle and low end of the industrial chain. The product grade and quality are not high, and they mainly rely on low-end markets at home and abroad. The industrial status of clusters at home and abroad is not high

second, competition among cluster enterprises is more than cooperation, the development level of professional service institutions is low, supporting service networks still need to be vigorously cultivated, and the relevance and complementarity between industrial clusters and regional and global industrial chains are not strong

third, the development and innovation ability of industrial clusters is insufficient. Most enterprises in China's industrial clusters lack innovative resources, and the ability to expand domestic and foreign markets is not strong. Financing bottlenecks are prominent

IV. the key enterprises and leading enterprises in the industrial cluster are weak, and the situation of "scattered, small and chaotic" is relatively common. The management level of enterprises in the cluster is generally low when it comes to machinery manufacturing. It is necessary to understand the materials clearly first

at present, many people lack understanding of the governance structure of industrial clusters and the mechanism of its role. The phenomenon of "Absence" and "offside" of the government coexist. The status and role of industrial organizations need to be improved and strengthened. The enthusiasm of leading enterprises to participate in cluster governance still needs to be encouraged

zhangyansheng, director of the Institute of Foreign Economic Research of the national development and Reform Commission, said that the development of China's industrial clusters is facing the reality that made in China is "big but not strong". The processing and assembly processes of foreign capital supporting in China are mainly labor-intensive, which means that ima covers all the integrated industries of PIR and pur producers in the UK market, and made in China is still mostly in the processing and assembly stage. Zhang Yansheng believes that China has really reached the period of strategic transfer to domestic demand, the period of transformation and upgrading of comparative advantage, the period of coordinating reform and opening up and deepening reform, and the period of further improving the international competitiveness of industry

the transformation of industrial clusters is imminent

Wei Houkai, assistant director of the Institute of industry and economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that the core problem of China's industrial clusters is the low level of development and lack of sustainable competitiveness

now we must pay attention to the decline and risk of industrial clusters: first, the risk of a single structure. The second is the risk of cluster, industry and product life cycle. The third is the rise of factor costs and the emergence of new competitors. Fourth, trade protectionism. He believes that the core of preventing risks and recession is to cultivate the sustainable competitiveness of industrial clusters. In view of the problem of how to transform China's industrial clusters, Liu Shijin believes that the first is to go "deep". Made in China still has a lot of room to improve, and there is still a gap with Germany, Japan and other countries. The second is to "go out". Industrial transfer from the eastern region to areas with conditions in the mainland. Third, go up. It extends from manufacturing to R & D, design, marketing, brand and other links, that is, to both ends of the "smile curve". Fourth, go "high". Extend from the middle and low-end fields of the market to the high-end fields, and share the parts with high technology content and added value. Fifth, go to "new". Use new technologies such as Internet to subcontract more internal businesses of enterprises, create value through the interaction between consumers and producers, and deepen professional division of labor and cooperation

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